TEMA: ANALISIS FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI KINERJA KARYAWAN DIDALAM PERUSAHAAN. Kata kunci : iklim organisasi, kedewasaan, kinerja, ke...
Selasa, 17 Mei 2011
CAUSATIVE VERB “HAVE”
CAUSATIVE VERB “HAVE” Causative “have” is followed by the simple form of a verb, not an infinitive. (causative “have” diikuti oleh verb 1 (tanpa tambahan s/-es), bukan diikuti oleh infinitif (to+verb1)). Examples: - I had John repair my bike. (CORRECT) - I had John to repair my bike. (INCORRECT,because it is followed by an infinitive) è Kalimat ke 2 salah karena diikuti oleh infinitif (to+verb1) ► “Have” gives the idea that “X” request “Y” to do something. ( “Have” menunjukkan bahwa “X” meminta “Y” untuk melakukan sesuatu.) è The formula is: “X” has/have/had “Y” do something (simple form) (rumusnya adalah “X” has/have/had “Y” melakukakn sesuatu (verb dalam bentuk sederhana(verb1 tanpa tambahan s/-es)). Examples: - Mary has John carry her bag. Means(artinya): John carried the bag because Mary ask him to. ( John membawa tas karena Mary menyuruhnya). -I have Jane put my books Means: Jane put my books because I ask her to. - Tom had Jane clean the room yesterday è Using “had” because the adverb of time is yesterday. But still the verb is in simple form. HAVE SOME THING DONE (HAVE +Past Participle (Verb3) The past participle(verb 3) is used after “have’ to give a passive meaning. Examples: - I had my watch repaired (by someone) yesterday. Means: I caused my watch to be repaired by someone. (saya menyuruh orang lain untuk memperbaiki jam tangan saya kemarin). -I have my hair cut à means: I asked someone to cut my hair. (saya menyuruh seseorang untuk mencukur rambut saya) - I am having my car washed at the moment à means: I am asking someone to wash my car at the moment. (pada saat ini saya SEDANG menyuruh seseorang mencuci mobil saya.) You have to know the different between Have something done and present Perfect/ past perfect form. HAVE SOMETHING DONE: I have my hair cut à means: I ask someone to cut my hair. PRESENT PERFECT(S+HAVE/HAS+V3): I have cut my hair àmeans: you cut your own hair. PATTERNS for HAVE SOMETHING DONE: · S + HAVE/HAS + OBJECT + VERB 3 · S + HAD + OBJECT +VERB3 +PAST TIME · S + TOBE (IS/AM/ARE) + HAVING +OBJECT + VERB3 + NOW/RIGHT NOW/ AT THE MOMENT. CONCLUSION: - Use active sentence for causative “have” (using simple form of a verb) and passive sentence for have something done (using verb 3). - For causative “have” à after subject you have to use the right form of “have” whether it is “have or has or had” then the object is people (someone), after that,you have to use a simple form of a verb (verb 1 without s/-es) in any kind of adverb of time (present time or past time still use simple form of a verb), you just choose the right form of “have” à “have or has” for present time, “had “ for past time. - For have something done just follow the pattern. EXERCISES: Fill in the blanks with the right form of causative have, and choose the right form of verb given in the brakets. (isilah dengan bentuk causative have yang benar, dan pilih salah satu bentuk verb yang benar yang diberikan di dalam kurung) 1. We had our treasury bought our new books yesterday. (buy / buys / bought / to buy) 2. She has her mom cooked dinner for her. (cook / cooks / cooked / to cook ) 3. He had his brother done his homework last night (do / does / did / done) 4. Tom is having Bill written the report at the moment. (write / writes / writing / written) 5. Mike has jenni saved his data. (save / saving / saves / saved) 6. Bob has his packages delivered by the postman. ( deliver / delivers / delivered / delivery) 7. Eddy had his data changed by his secretary last week. (change / changes / changed / changing) 8. Marie is having her house painted by the workmen at the moment. ( paint / painting / painted / paints) 9. Jonny has his car parked by the parking man. (park / parks / parking / parked) 10.They is having their maid cleaned their room right now. (clean / cleaned / cleans / cleaning) THE END OF THE TEST
Diposkan oleh Gustianto Rahman di 22.11